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Norfolk

Norfolk Island is a self-governed Australian Territory in the South Pacific, situated at approximately 29 south latitude and 168 east longitude, about half way between Auckland in New Zealand, and New Caledonia. It is perhaps most famous for its history: Named by Captain James Cook in 1774, and home for a succession of British penal colonies between 1788 and 1855, it was settled in 1856 by the descendants of the Bounty mutineers and Tahitian women, who arrived from Pitcairn Island (located between Tahiti and Easter Island). A language mix of Tahitian and 18th-century seafaring English is still in use. The island is highly dependent on imports shipped mainly from Australia and New Zealand. Comparatively high living cost are covered by income mainly from tourism (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006). Regular air passenger connections exist to Brisbane and Sydney in Australia, and Auckland in New Zealand.

The currently 1,800 inhabitants and 35,000 annual visitors of Norfolk are supplied with electricity by diesel engines meeting an average 900 kW load. Considering that visitors stay on average just over one week, the number of people on the island at any one time is on average about 2,500.

Prof Manfred Lenzen meeting the CEO of EcoNorfolk Foundation, Denise Quintal, on 23 March 2007, in order to discuss the Triple Bottom Line.

An aerial view of Norfolk Island.

References

For further information please contact

Prof Manfred Lenzen
ISA, A28
The University of Sydney NSW 2006
+61 (0)2 9351-5985
m.lenzen@physics.usyd.edu.au